Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi
Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi is the first artist that we work with to have received the Award of the Order of Ikhamanga (Silver ) from the office of The Presidency (South Africa). She is also the first artist that we have worked with who took three weeks to draw one print. But this is not all that makes Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi unique. In the Taxi book on her published by David Krut in 2009
she says of her grandmother “ I remember lying down next to my grandmother while she was making the floor out of cow dung. I wanted to see why her floors were different to anybody else’s, so I lay down to watch her and I saw her fingers”. Helen Sebidi has the most beautiful hands; her long delicate fingers taper and seem to capture the spirit of her grandmother.
When Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi talks it is not light chitchat but reflections on issues that inform and have created her. It is as if Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi has become the archetypal crone, further weaving the connection between herself, the land and her grandmother. Her conversation has a way of returning to ‘the rural” and her grandmother, a return to the land and the female.
Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi first worked at The Artists’ Press in Newtown in 1993, some of the plates were drawn but somehow in the rush of urban confusion both artist and studio did not find time to complete the project. Having moved to a rural area and being surrounded by a more intact environment, it was time to invite Mmakgabo Mmapula Mmankgato Helen Sebidi back. Sebidi decided to work on the largest size that we can handle. Masterfully drawing her images in eight colours she worked on ball grained films building the image up using litho crayons, watercolour pencils and India ink. The print is done in her unique style that she has built up over the span of her career. Most of Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi work celebrates the strength and resilience of women, but not in an idealised way.
In the print that she did with us the woman is the deceiver. The title “After Lobola (Married)” Suggests something of a struggle. Lobola (sometimes translated as bride price) is a traditional Southern African custom whereby the man pays the family of his fiancée for her hand in marriage (compare with the European dowry custom where the woman brings assets). The custom is aimed at bringing the two families together, fostering mutual respect, and indicating that the man is capable of supporting his wife financially and emotionally.
Traditionally the lobola payment was in cattle as cattle were the primary source of wealth in African society. However, most modern urban couples have switched to using cash. The process of lobola negotiations can be long and complex, and involves many members from both the bride's and the groom's extended families.
Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi explains, “The cattle are a way of saying thanks to the ancestors for growing her”. In this print the woman’s true nature is only revealed once the couple have married and the lobola has been paid. The snake in her hand (lower right hand side of print) is the woman’s true nature, which is revealed after marriage. “The snake is a symbol of danger resulting from her decisions and she has become a dangerous woman. The snake shows the effects of city life. After money and education the woman is earning more than the husband and this creates problems. She is a person who polishes, she is very good at pretending and the snake is her true nature. The woman says I am not going to change. I am who I am". Sebidi continues, ”Men also suffer from this loss of respect. Respect has been thrown out of marriage. It is an effect of the city”.
In the bottom right hand corner of the print is an animal. ‘It is an animal holding her dress, trying to prevent her from doing bad stuff. It is a helping animal”.
This print is a fine example of Sebidi’s ability to blend and combine city and rural, modern and traditional, reality and myth, male and female. We look forward to exploring this further in future prints.
Artists at The Artists' Press (A to L)
Artists at The Artists Press (M to X)
Title: After Lobola (Married)
Medium: Nine colour hand printed lithograph
Paper size: 105.5 x 75cm
Image size: 91.5 x 65cm
Edition size: 35
Price: R 11 300 (excl.VAT)
Information about the studio where Mmakgabo Helen Sebidi worked